PS Dermatology and Surgery Logo


Vitiligo is a chronic skin condition characterized by the loss of melanocytes. Melanocytes are specialized cells in the skin that produce melanin, a protective skin darkening pigment. It manifests as growing patches of skin depigmentation, sometimes with flecks of remaining pigment. Some patients with vitiligo also develop white patches of hair. Vitiligo affects people of all skin types but is most visible on people with darker baseline skin. While Vitiligo is not a fatal condition, it does cause significant psychosocial distress and discomfort to patients afflicted by it.

The color of the skin and hair is usually dependent on the pigment called melanin. Vitiligo occurs when the cells responsible for producing melanin die or stop functioning. This condition can, therefore, affect the skin, hair, oral mucosa and even the eyes. In most cases, the discolored areas may persist throughout life. It affects about 1-2% of the population, and is oftentimes associated with other autoimmune conditions like thyroid dysfunction, anemia, and diabetes.


This classification is based on the region of the body where it is found. Non-segmental Vitiligo is the most common type and affects bilaterally symmetric areas. The progression is relatively slow compared to the segmental type. They frequently appear on portions of skin exposed to sunlight and trauma such as the neck, face, chest, feet, hands etc. It has no specific area or size and each patient’s vitiligo behaves and affects different areas than others. It could also be acrofacial (involving the face, hands and feet) and focal (characterized by many white spots concentrated in a particular area). Confetti-like Vitiligo refers to flecks of depigmentation that eventually becomes classic Non-segmental vitiligo.

Segmental Vitiligo, on the other hand, is a far less common type. It spreads more rapidly than non-segmental Vitiligo and involves a patch of skin on only one side of the body.


Signs of Vitiligo can manifest as patchy discoloration on the skin of the hands, face, chest etc. It could also be seen as premature graying of hair. Also, discoloration of membranes and mucosa of the nose and mouth are seen. Despite its physical manifestation, Vitiligo is usually painless and produces little or no discomfort.


Vitiligo occurs due to the loss of melanin-producing cells. This could be related to an autoimmune condition, genetics, and other external factors such as viral infections. Also, other causes include triggers such as sunburns, exposure to hazardous materials and toxic chemicals. Chemical vitiligo presents in the area of exposure, and is sometimes seen in patients who work with adhesive and rubber accelerators.
There is no cure for Vitiligo although numerous treatments exist with the aim of restoring the patient’s original skin color. 
One of the most mysterious skin conditions that exist today is vitiligo. If you suffer from vitiligo, then you know immediately. Patches of your skin can turn mysteriously white. It occurs when certain cells responsible for skin color die. Scientists don’t know yet why these cells die. For many people, vitiligo can be a distressing situation. You may feel embarrassed about the patches of different colored skin. Luckily, treatment is possible. At PS Dermatology & Surgery, we have a professional dermatologist and dermatology providers for vitiligo who are ready to help. Here’s what you need to know about our treatment for vitiligo.

What are treatment options?

There is no cure for Vitiligo although numerous treatments exist with the aim of restoring the patient’s original skin color. Some of the methods include:

Camouflage therapy:

Vitiligo patients should use sunscreen to avoid normal skin tanning and making the vitiligo more obvious. The recommended sunscreens are those with SPF of 30 or higher. The sunscreen should be able to protect against the effect of Ultraviolet A and B rays.

Another commonly used camouflage method is the use of makeup, which helps to mimic a uniform skin tone. Dermabland and Covermark are two examples of oil based concealer makeups. Hair dyes can also be used if hair is affected. 

Repigmentation Therapy:

Corticosteroids are used topically, as well as steroid sparing medications such as tacrolimus. The goal is to suppress the body’s immune reaction against the pigment producing cells and increase their growth and pigment production. Results may be slow and can take up to 3 months. Side effects, such as skin thinning and stretch marks, may occur; however, they are uncommon with proper use as directed by your PS Dermatology & Surgery provider. 

Scroll to Top